STI - Trichomonas

Is this your symptom?

  • Trichomonas, a sexually transmitted disease (STD)

Some Basics...

  • Trichomonas is a very common infection. It is a type of germ called a protozoa.
  • It can be treated and cured with antibiotics.
  • It is spread by having sex with a person who has this infection.
  • Many men and women have this STI and do not know they have it. A person can have this STI and not have any symptoms.
  • Condoms are the only way to keep from getting STIs during sex.

Symptoms

People can have trichomonas and not have any symptoms.

  • Men: Most men will have no symptoms. Sometimes men have mild burning with passing urine or penis discharge.
  • Women: Some women will have no symptoms. Common symptoms are mild vaginal itching and redness, or mild burning with passing urine. It can also cause a bad-smelling, yellow discharge. Sometimes the discharge may look bubbly or frothy.

What is a Normal Vaginal Discharge?

A normal vaginal discharge is clear or white, thin or thick. It does not smell.

What is an Abnormal Vaginal Discharge?

An vaginal discharge that is not normal can mean that there is an infection. Here are signs of an abnormal vaginal discharge:

  • Bad-smelling
  • Bubbly or frothy
  • Yellow or green color
  • White, itchy, cottage cheese-like, and no smell (most often a yeast infection)

When to Call for STI - Trichomonas

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Yellow or green vaginal discharge and a fever
  • You feel weak or very sick

Call Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Yellow, green, or gray vaginal discharge
  • Bad smelling vaginal discharge
  • Blood in vaginal discharge (not from normal period)
  • Pain or burning with passing urine
  • You think you need to be seen

Call Doctor During Office Hours

  • You are worried you might have an STI
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • No symptoms
  • Questions about trichomonas

Care Advice

Trichomonas

  1. What You Should Know:
    • Trichomonas is a type of germ. It is a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
    • It is very common. Millions of people get infected with it each year.
    • Antibiotic drugs can treat trichomonas.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. How Is It Spread?
    • Trichomonas is spread by having sex with someone who has it.
    • Some women and many men do not have symptoms when they have it. As a result, it can be spread without either sexual partner knowing.
  3. Symptoms:
    • People can have trichomonas and not have any symptoms.
    • Men: Most men will have no symptoms. Sometimes men have mild burning with passing urine or penis discharge.
    • Women: Some women will have no symptoms. Common symptoms are mild vaginal itching and redness, or mild burning with passing urine. It can also cause a bad-smelling, yellow discharge. Sometimes the discharge may look bubbly or frothy.
  4. How Long Does It Take for Symptoms to Appear after Exposure?
    • Symptoms can appear within 4 days to 4 weeks.
  5. Testing:
    • Testing is done on a sample of the vaginal discharge.
    • It may also be found on a Pap smear.
  6. Treatment:
    • Antibiotics are needed. A person with trichomonas can spread it until he or she has been treated.
    • Sexual partners should also be tested and treated.
  7. Prevention:
    • Remember, using a condom is the only way to keep from getting an STI from sex. Condoms can be used during oral or anal sex to prevent STIs.
    • You need testing and antibiotic treatment if you had sex with someone with trichomonas and did not use a condom.
  8. Pregnancy Test, When in Doubt:
    • If there is a chance that you might be pregnant, use a urine pregnancy test.
    • You can buy a pregnancy test at the drugstore.
    • It works best first thing in the morning.
    • Follow all package instructions.
  9. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Pregnancy test is positive or you have trouble with the at-home test
    • Burning or pain with passing urine
    • Any discharge from penis
    • Abnormal vaginal discharge
    • You think you need to be seen
    • You get worse

Hotlines and Internet Resources

  1. United States - STI Hotline:
    • American Social Health Association STI Hotline provides information on STIs, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, HPV/genital warts, herpes, and HIV/AIDS. It can provide referrals to local clinics.
    • Toll-free number (English): (800) 227-8922
    • Toll-free number (Spanish): (800) 344-7432
    • Their website is at: www.ashasexualhealth.org
  2. Internet Resources:
    • American Social Health Association: This website has answers to your questions about sexual health and STIs. It can be found at http://www.iwannaknow.org
    • STD Treatment Guidelines 2015, Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC): This can be found at STD Treatment Guidelines, 2015

And remember, contact your doctor if you develop any of the 'Call Your Doctor' symptoms.

Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.


Last Reviewed: 4/23/2018 1:00:38 AM
Last Updated: 3/31/2018 1:00:56 AM

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